Do you mean specifically the Dwarves of the Company of Thorin Oakenshield? I'm not sure that Tolkien wrote of any of them other than Glóin having children, but it is certainly possible.
Outside of canon, The Heart of the Wild for The One Ring Roleplaying Game introduces the non-player character of Bofri son of Bofur. The young Dwarf hopes to surpass the deeds of his father one day and has plans to re-open the Old Forest Road with the help of the Woodmen of Mirkwood. If the Darkening of Mirkwood campaign plays out as outlined then Bofri meets a tragic fate.
Dáin Ironfoot had a son, Thorin Stonehelm, who would succeed him during the War of the Ring as King under the Mountain.